The essay is the type of writing that most commonly have students present in colleges and universities. According to the Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE), a “essay” is a “prose writing in which an author develops his ideas on a particular subject with personal character and style.” The personal point of view is the key to a good essay. Although it is important that in your essays you expose information on various topics, you should try to do so by always presenting your personal opinion on those subjects.
The three parts of an essay
In general, your essay should consist of three main parts: introduction, body and conclusion.
In the introduction, worry about presenting the thesis that you are going to defend. In the body, it presents the reasons that demonstrate the thesis. In conclusion, he reiterates the thesis and explores some of its possible general repercussions: what aspects of society are affected by the ideas you have demonstrated in the essay?
Your main purpose in writing a good essay is to convince the reader that the ideas you espouse are true. This can only be achieved if the reasons you use to prove your thesis are logical and convincing.
Steps for developing an essay
When you do tourism in an unknown city, it is advisable to have a good map or map of the city on hand. Otherwise, you run the risk of losing yourself easily. The same thing happens when you have to do a test: throwing yourself on the computer and start writing without knowing where you are going is the best way to lose track and finish with a mediocre writing. We present below the three steps that you must follow to produce a good essay.
This is perhaps the most important stage. Here you formulate the thesis and design the general structure of the essay.
Delimitation of the theme
Remember that you can not talk about everything in an essay. Then start with a general theme, but delimit it quickly. What aspect of that topic is more interesting or intriguing? What does it bother you? Which one would you like to go into? At this stage you should explore several possible approaches to study the chosen subject.
Formulation of the thesis
A subject, no matter how limited it may be, is not a thesis. The thesis is what you (and no one else but you) want to say on that particular subject. It is the idea or point of view that you will defend and test throughout the essay. In general, your thesis should invite a reaction, a debate. That is why it is useful to think of it as a problem, that is, as a matter that needs clarification or something that requires a solution.
Identification of arguments or reasons
Once the thesis is formulated, make a list of the reasons that confirm it. Be sure to state two or three reasons-one per paragraph-that demonstrate convincingly that your thesis is true. In addition, you must test each of these reasons with at least two pieces of evidence or examples.
Development of the rhetorical structure
Armed with a thesis, the reasons that prove it and the evidence and examples that confirm each of the reasons, you can now proceed to elaborate the rhetorical structure of your essay. The rhetorical structure is the map or the skeleton of your writing: thanks to it you can compose a solid and convincing text without running the risk of losing you on the way.
With a good rhetorical structure, essay writing will be much easier. Follow the following tips to write the three parts of your essay:
Presents preliminary information. It may be a brief summary of the topic to be studied or an effective example, drawn up in an engaging way, that refers to that topic. The idea is that you locate the reader in the general lines of the subject that you are going to examine and that you drive it quickly towards your thesis. Always state your thesis explicitly in the introduction. Remember that the reader likes to know exactly what ideas you are trying to demonstrate.
Body of the text
Present your reasons (one per paragraph) to persuade the reader that your thesis is true. Do not forget that your reasons must be accompanied by evidence and examples that illustrate, endorse and demonstrate your thesis. An evidence – a textual quotation, a fragment of a text, an image, etc. – is something that eloquently demonstrates that what you are proposing is true. An example is an illustration – a comparison, a reference to a similar case, etc. – that makes the reason you are giving more clear in the mind of the reader.
Reiterate the thesis but redact it differently (do not copy-paste!). Remind the reader briefly why the thesis is true and discusses some of its general implications: political, social, cultural, etc. Make sure that the end of the conclusion is eloquent, effective and vigorous.
It is important to spend some time reviewing your essay.